Medicinal Mushrooms Extracts Extracted From Mesima, Maitake and Reishi Mushrooms Can Help Fight Cancer
Medicinal mushrooms are mushrooms, or mushroom extracts, that are used or have been studied as possible treatments for various different forms of cancers.
Medicinal mushrooms contain some of the most potent medicine in the world. They are living pharmaceutical factories,
Medicinal mushrooms have a history of medicinal use spanning millennia in parts of Asia. Currently, several extracts (polysaccharide-K,polysaccharide peptide, lentinan have widespread use in Japan, Korea, and China, as adjuvants to radiation treatments and chemotherapy.
Research with most other mushroom extracts, are on isolated lines, animals, or limited clinical trials. Medicinal mushroom research has shown promising cardiovascular, anticancer, antiviral, antibacterial, antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and ant diabetic properties.
The following are some well-known Medicinal Mushrooms Extracts that have proven anti-cancer properties
Phellinus linteus extract, also known as Mesima Mushroom Extract, has been traditionally used in Korea for ages as an anti-cancer product.
Mesima, popularly known as ‘Black Hoof Fungus,’ is common on broadleaf trees in the southern United States and other sub-tropical and tropical parts of the world. It often grows on oaks, mulberries and poplars.
Researchers believe that dietary supplements containing the extract could help ward off potential cancers, and the research could eventually lead to the development of new drugs.
Studies have shown that, Mesima extract has the highest rate of tumor inhibition activity. A study found that polysaccharides extracted from the mycelium of Mesima had a wider spectrum of activity and anti-tumor effects than polysaccharides from other species of mushrooms.
A study in 2000 at Seoul University, comparing different species of mushrooms, found a 96.7% breast-tumor inhibition rate. Mesima extract also helped the rapid recovery of the immune system after chemotherapy to near normal conditions.
Dr Daniel Sliva of the Methodist Research Institute in Indianapolis said the mushroom extract reduced uncontrolled growth of new cancer cells, suppressed their aggressive behavior and blocked new tumor-feeding blood vessels.
A study on lung cancer found that Mesima extract in combination with conventional drugs helped decrease tumor growth and metastasis. Many other studies have concluded that Mesima extract possesses powerful anti-tumor and immune enhancing properties.
In his book “”Mycelium Running,”” medicinal mushroom expert Paul Stamets also lists the following areas where research has shown Mesima extract to have a beneficial effect on Bacteria;Viruses; Inflammation; Cervical Cancer; Uterine Cancer; Colorectal Cancers; Gastric Cancer; Liver Cancer and Melanoma.
Mesima extracts have been proven to be especially effective for treating breast cancer tumors.
Extracts from the Mesima Mushroom may stop breast cancer cells from growing and could become a new weapon in the fight against breast cancer.
A press release from Cancer Research UK reports that an extract of the Mesima Mushroom has been found to halt the growth of breast cancer cells in vitro. Previous studies have also shown the species to be effective against other forms of cancer cells, but up until now nobody knew how it worked.
Laboratory tests using human breast cancer cells show that Phellinus linteus has a marked anti-breast cancer effect, probably by blocking an enzyme called AKT. AKT is known to control signals that lead to cell growth.
Maitake is an edible mushroom from the species Grifola frondosa.
Maitake mushroom is an edible mushroom consumed widely in Asia as food and used in traditional medicine to treat diabetes and hypertension. Maitake extracts are commercially available as dietary supplements marketed to “enhance immune function” and to treat HIV and cancer. Beta 1,6-glucan, a protein bound polysaccharide, has been identified as the active constituent.
A substantial body of research documents the effects of maitake mushroom extracts limiting or preventing tumor growth, enhancing the benefits of chemotherapy, and lessening anti-cancer drug side effects
In a small non-controlled study, tumor regression or significant improvements in symptoms were observed in half of the subjects using Maitake extract . In another study of postmenopausal breast cancer patients, oral administration of maitake extract was shown to have immunomodulatory effects Maitake extracts exhibited hypoglycemic effects in a few studies More studies are underway to establish Maitake’s anticancer potential.
In 1998, Maitake Products received FDA approval for an Investigational New Drug Phase II pilot study of maitake mushroom extract in the treatment of advanced breast and prostate cancer.
A highly recommended Maitake mushroom extract product is Maitake D-fraction.
Maitake D-fraction is an extract of this large mushroom native to the mountains of northeastern Japan. The maitake mushroom is eaten as a food, and maitake-D fraction is marketed as a dietary supplement in the United States and Japan. The substance in the maitake mushroom is thought to be active in humans and is called beta-glucan.
Maitake D-fraction is available in liquid extract, tablet, and capsule in health food stores, although the amount of beta glucan contained in each form may vary. The usual dosage of dried mushroom is between 3 and 7 grams daily. Maitake mushrooms are also available in grocery stores and can be eaten as food or made into tea.
Reishi is a popular Chinese mushroom with an impressive array of reputed health benefits, including antioxidant properties.
Ganoderma (red reishi mushroom) has been used in traditional Asian medicines for more than 4,000 years, making it one of the oldest mushrooms known to have been used in medicine.
The dried powder was popular as a cancer chemotherapy agent in ancient China. Reishi is also known as Ganoderma lucidum – Lingzhi – or Ling Zhi. There have been many studies with reishi extract,
Reishi is most recognized for its apparent ability to help the body fight cancer, stimulate the immune system and increase vitality. Among the many other constituents in Reishi, some of the triterpenes inhibit the release of histamine and help relieve allergies and other breathing problems. Indications are that Reishi mushrooms also have adaptogenic traits and help the body handle stress.
In one study, reishi suppressed cell adhesion and cell migration of highly invasive breast and prostate cancer cells, suggesting its potency to reduce tumor invasiveness. Reishi clearly demonstrates anticancer activity in experiments with cancer cells and has possible therapeutic potential as a dietary supplement for an alternative therapy for breast and prostate cancer.